Economic Relations between Kazakhstan and Russia

concentrates iron, chrome, zinc -10,3 % (7,9 %); products of inorganic

chemistry junction, inorganic and organic precious and rarely of metals of

radioactive elements and isotopes 13 % (13,5 %): an oxide and hydracids of

aluminum - 90 % of all outbound delivering; ferrous metals - 8,2 % (6,3 %).

In import from Russian Federation predominate: mineral products,

machines and equipment.

In 2001 basic paper of import was: purchase of mineral fuel, oil and

petroleum - 21,4 % (more than 77 % from common import of fuel, from them

coke, diesel fuel, lubricant oils, electric power;the machines and

equipment - 16,3 %, metallurgical production -14,5 %, vehicles -13 %,

production chemical and industries, coupled to it,-12 %, plastic and work

piece from it -4 % were imported.

On October 1 2001 in Republic of Kazakhstan 740 share and foreign

enterprises created with participation of Russia (including 466 share and

274 foreign enterprises) with the authorized capital - 22,7 billion tenge

operated. The share of the foreign founder in the authorized capital has

made 1,3 billion tenge, or 5,94 %. From them 121 enterprises manufactured

production, 72 - realized deliverings on export, 182 - had import receipts

and 456 realized delivering on a home market. In 2000 in republic 461

enterprises, in 1999 - 325 operated.

The enterprises created together with the Russian partners, realize

the following aspects of activity: production of crude oil, mounting of the

process equipment, construction of civil engineering buildings, manufacture

of the electric power both electro distributive and monitoring equipment,

pharmaceutical products, copper, woolen and synthetic fabrics, flour,

processing and conservator of production, rendering of different aspects of

services and researches, maintenance and repair of automobiles, activity in

the field of a wireless and television.

2.1 Some aspects of economic interaction Kazakhstan and Russia

For adjustment and intensive development of mutually advantageous two-

sided ratios within the framework of CIS Republic of Kazakhstan and Russian

Federation have necessary objective premises. Russia and Kazakhstan make a

basis of huge Eurasian region, in which historically there were steady

geopolitical, economic, ethnic and cultural links of two countries and

peoples. In many vital spheres the national interests of two countries are

close or coincide, both countries hold on to course on saving of common

defensive, humanitarian and information space and the stability and

prosperity of two countries, further democratic of a society and success of

market transformations are equally interested in hardening safety.

The interaction of Kazakhstan with Russia is a priority in external

policy, external economic and military-strategic course of republic. A

complex of the reasons conditions and factors having not tactical, but

basic essence and long-time character stipulates it.

Today common balance of mutual relation between Kazakhstan and Russia

has positive character, as consider each other as the strategic partners

and it establishes the important premise for their mutual cooperating in

the field of policy, economy, science, engineering and other spheres.

Kazakhstan-Russian economic partnership belongs to the most advanced

regions of two-sided ratios between two states, as for this purpose both

countries have premises for rapprochement. It in many respects defines

character, both mutual relation, and other economic links, folding in the

European direction, of Kazakhstan.

On today there are favorable and unfavorable factors inherent in

Kazakhstan on a path to economic cooperating to Russia.

Alongside with the favorable factors of a development of two-sided economic

ratioes exist as well unfavorable or constraining moment. The overcoming of

economic barriers by means of restoring cooperation links will allow

introducing the operations in frameworks EAEU (Euro-Asian Economic Union).

2.2 The factors of economic interaction of Kazakhstan and Russia


a) Presence in Kazakhstan of large mineral operational lives.

b) Transit potential and favorable geopolitical position of Kazakhstan at

the center of the Eurasian continent: on a crossroads of trade and

transport paths from Europe in Asia: through China on Far East ports,

Pacific Ocean of the state; through Iran and Turkey in the Mediterranean


c) Determination of Kazakhstan and Russia as basic trade partners on export

and import.

d) Retention of Kazakhstan in the majority large international

architectures UN, Architecture of Economic Cooperating, Economic union

Central Asian of the countries (together with Uzbekistan and Kyrgyzstan)

and Central-Asian Bank of Cooperating and Development (CABCD); Great five

Republic of Kazakhstan in frameworks of CIS (Russia, Kazakhstan, Belarus,

Kyrgyzstan, Tadjikistan).

e) The large region with the common boundary (more than 6.000 kms) with

Russia, that has for two countries a serious value in matter of hardening

of their national and collective safety.

f) The residing in republic of the large ethnic interlayer of the European

origin (Russian, Ukraine, Germany) is one of the factors of rapprochement

of Kazakhstan with the European civilization and culture.


a) A close arrangement of Kazakhstan to the inconsistent states Central

Asian of region.

b) Support by Kazakhstan of multifactor policy in a ratio of transportation

of the Caspian oil.

c) The boundaries Central Asian of the states from a point of view of

international law properly not democratic of Republic of Kazakhstan;

Kazakhstan has appeared as a matter of fact cut off from Western Europe

d) Increase of ecological crisis, that weakens its positions in region and

world, narrows down opportunities of fast industrial growth.

e) Absence in Kazakhstan of a direct exit to World Ocean, exterior warm

seas, that hampers links with the largest centers of a modern civilization.

f) Support by the countries of trade wars (introduction of limitation on

import of the goods, policy of an ascertaining dumping in relation to the

exported goods, raw interdependence of the countries etc.).

In the beginning 1990s. It seemed, that the revived democratic states

within the framework of their new statuses would be and further dynamically

to explicate the ratios, filling their contents, adequate to a new

position. However it has not taken place and in basic for past years of two-

way communications were characterized defined inertia.

As displays the analysis, the policy of Russia in a ratio of the

states of Commonwealth for flowing out five years did not differ by a


There was a natural process of comprehension of key national-state

interests attended by searching for new, as it seemed, more perspective


Certainly, the today's level of economic integration does not answer

necessities national economic of Republic of Kazakhstan and Russian

Federation. Available on it is necessary to evaluate the today facts of

economic interaction between two countries as insufficient and requiring in

serious adjusting. The priority of a development of the Kazakhstan-Russian

economic links is possible to support with existing numerous perspective

directions of a development, it:

. Trade-economic cooperating of Republic of Kazakhstan and Russian


. Frontier cooperating Republic Of Kazakhstan and Russian Federation;

. Development of industrial-cooperation links in machine-building and

chemical complexes, by means of creation of share financial and

industrial groups;

. Cooperating and development fuel and energy of complexes of Russia and


. Cooperating in sphere of transport;

. Cooperating of Kazakhstan and Russia in mastering vehicle launching of


. Cooperating in mastering natural riches of the Caspian sea;

. Scientific - technological cooperating;

. Cooperating in the market of agricultural production.

The historically folded trade ratios of the countries of the Eurasian

region, including Russia and Kazakhstan from times “Silk road” - allow to

hope for success in a development of economic cooperating in modern


At the same time it is necessary to mark the common tendencies,

natural for the new independent countries. The orientation to the market of

long-distance foreign countries makes production of raw in branches of the

countries rarely for them raw refined in branches, as last valid by

Страницы: 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14, 15, 16, 17, 18


Быстрый поиск

Группа вКонтакте: новости

Пока нет

Новости в Twitter и Facebook



© 2010.